Sport in Belarus
Achievements of Belarusian Sport
Physical culture and sport in our country has long been given great importance.Belarusian sport achievements made our country famous all over the world. Talented representatives of our country have been performing well for a long time at international competitions and Olympic games thanks to the state policy that supports gifted sportsmen. There are 132 kinds of sports in our country and the most popular sports are football, athletics, gymnastics, hockey and others. Belarus is a real country of sports because new sport complexes and buildings are built constantly here and sports activity is supported by the President himself. 280 Belarusians are the champions of Europe in various sports. One of the most important achievements is that our country has 76 Olympic winners.
Development of Belarusian Sport
Development of Belarusian sport began at Soviet Union times. In USSR sport meant a lot for its citizens. But the republic of Belarus was partially the part of USSR and Polish State. So Minsk, Mogylev, Vitebsk and Gomel sportsmen played in Soviet teams and Grodno, Pinsk and Brest citizens won their medals for Poland.
It was hardly possible for common Soviet people to practice Martial arts or close fight. These kinds of sports were available only for elite special services and police. A personality of a sportsman meant a lot at those times; those who fought in the streets couldn’t continue their career.
Weight lifting and dumb-bells sports were widespread. Nowadays those who practiced these sports retrained for bodybuilders and power lifters.
As well as now all the games with a ball were popular, especially football that was played by everyone. Athletics, cycling, rowing, sailing were also loved.
Belarus at the Olympics Games
Later on our country participated in the Olympic games as a part of the USSR. First Belarusians, 4 athletes and 2 fencers, took part in the 15th Games in Finland, Helsinki in 1952. But they came back with nothing. But next time at the 16th Olympic games in Melburn in 1957 Krivonosov got a silver medal for hammer throwing.
In 1994, at the Olympiad in Norway our country bagan to perform as an independent country. When at the 26th Olympic games our national team came to Atlanta, the gold was won by Hodotowich who was the first in boar-racing on single kayak. Except gold, Belarus got 6 silver and 8 bronze medals.
In 2004 147 Belarusian sportsmen went to Athens and competed in 23 sports. The participation in the 28th Olympic games was very productive: Belorusians won 2 gold medals (Nesterenko for sprint and Makarov for judo) and 6 silver and 7 bronze medals.
The absolute record for Belarus was Pekin Olympiad in 2008. Our sportsmen got 19 awards, and the national team was at the 16th place by quality and at the 13th place by quantity of medals. That year Belorusians brought 4 gold medalsfor athletics (Aryamnov), hammer throwing (Menkova), group rowing on kayaks and canoe; kayak foursome, 1000 m (Petrushenko, Abalmasov, Litvinchuk, Mahnev), canoe deuce, 1000m (Bogdanoviches).
Winter sports achievements are worth mentioning too. The first winter Olympic winner was a skater Jelezovsky at a 1000m distance. That happened in 1988 in Kalgary. Since that time our team has performed well at each winter games.
Famous for the whole world: sports achievements of Belarusian sportsmen
Even in Soviet times Alexandr Medved and Olga Korbut glorified our country. Medved was the Olympic prizewinner for 3 times. He was the best free-style wrestler of the 20th century.
Olga contributed a lot to Belorussian sport too. The legendary gymnast was the best sportsman in the world in 1972 when she got 3 gold prizes at the Olympiad in Munhen.
Vitaly Shcherbo succeeded in gymnastics and was the best sportsman of the decade (from 1991 to 2000). He was the Olympic prizewinner and the world champion for 14 times.
Igor makarov and Juliya Nesterenko left their marks in sport history too being winners in 2004.
Maxim Mirny and Victoria Azarenko achieved a lot in tennis competitions. Mirny ia a famous Belarusian sportsman. It was he who led our tennis team to Stanley Cup. Victoria Azarenko was the Olympic Champion and the first sportsman in Women tennis association rate in 2012.
Sergey Martynov contributed a lot to Belarusian biathlon. He was called “the king of small-bore rifle” because he made world record. He scored 600 points from 600 possible points. Darya Domracheva was the Olympic biathlon winner too at the Olympic games in Sochi. In 2010 the young sportsman was declared as the best biathlete of the year.
Hockey is the favorite sport of our President. All hockey achievements are concerned with the name of Ruslan Saley. Being the of the national hockey team he led it to participation in the final Stanley Cup game. In 2014 our country held the World Hockey Cup.
In addition, in 2015 the Republican center of Olympic training of winter sports "Raubichi" hosted the junior biathlon championship. The place was not chosen by chance: the complex is equipped with the most advanced equipment, there is also a ski roller track, passing through a beautiful forest area.
So sports traditions exist in Belarus and thanks to efforts of Belarusian sportsmen our country is famous all over the world. Belarus nation loves sport so that’s why we are the healthy nation.