Grodno: the most European city of Belarus
Grodno is considered one of the oldest settlements of Belarus, which is the regional center of the Grodno region. By geographical location, the settlement is in the west of the country on the wide banks of the Neman river. Near the Grodno border with Lithuania and the Republic of Poland. 2014 significant for the city - he wore the honorary title of the "Cultural Capital of Belarus". This settlement has two administrative districts. The population of the city is just over 350 thousand people. This figure puts Grodno in the fifth place in terms of size in Belarus. The city covers an area of about 140 square kilometers.
The history of the city of Grodno
Grodno is one of the few cities in the country whose historical outline has remained unchanged to this day. The first mention of the city occurs in the annals in 1128, when the prince Vsevolodko was the ruler - this is the official date, but there is an earlier opinion on the alternative opinion. During its history, the city was part of the GDL, then belonged to the Russian Empire. In 1944, Grodno was given the honorary title of the capital of the Grodno region, this status he secured for himself to this day.
Grodno today and its attractions
The city of Grodno on a particularly important cultural and historical account among other Belarusian cities, because it is very full of important objects. Many of them have reached our days in excellent condition, you can see it both independently and as part of a sightseeing tour.
Here is a short list of the most important of them:
One of the most famous architectural monuments of Grodno is Borisoglebskaya church, built in the 12th century. Striking its well-preserved facades and features of the structure. She is on a cliff near the banks of the Neman. At the moment the temple is functioning.
The Cathedral of St. Francis Xavier is a Catholic cathedral, which in the past was the monastery of the Jesuits, the richest in the Commonwealth. Decorative elements of this church are an artistic value.
The Old castle is one of the oldest historical buildings in Belarus, which emerged as a fortified settlement. The castle was built in the late 11th century.
The New castle is a royal palace erected in the middle of the 18th century in the Baroque style. In one part there are royal quarters, and on the other side - meeting rooms.
The Nativity-Virgin Monastery was built in the early 18th century on the site of a wooden church. From 1992 to the present day he acts as a woman.
Lutheran church - an architectural monument in the style of Gothic Revival, built in the early 19th century.
This is not all the significant places of this powerful city, they can be listed for a very long time. And this again proves that visiting the city of Grodno within the framework of the tour of Belarus is worthy of attention.
This is an amazing cultural and historical city, where there is something to see and a lot of places that are worth visiting. The city itself is unique and ancient with all its buildings and architectural monuments.