The palatial estate of the Yundils in Ivatsevichy
Palaces, manors, castles
The history of the family
A monument of the architecture of classicism, the palatial estate of the Yundils, has preserved to our days. In the Grand Duchy of Lithuania it was a famous magnate family of the arms “Swan” the history of which is connected with Ivatsevichy district… The founder of the family was Rachko who lived on the border of the 14-15th centuries. The surname Yundil came from the name of his son, Yundil.
In 1555 Nicholas Yundil, Paul's son, a Royal nobleman of the Grand Duchy of lithuania, was appointed as Slonim district judge. He owned estates in Lida povet. In 1570 Nicholas Pavlovich divided the estates between his sons. According to “A brief history of Belarus” since 1654 the family of Yudils had begun to own the estate of Ivatsevichy.
Among the representatives of the gentry family was one of the participants of the national liberation uprising of 1863, Franciszek. Parents Vladislav and Bogumila Yundil chose him a military career so that Franciszek was serving in the Royal army and resigned in the rank of captain in 1858. He was well acquainted with Tadeusz Kosciuszko and supported him during the protest actions. After the actions of 1863 the estate of the Yundils in Ivatsevichy was confiscated and handed over to the Vorontsovs’ family. The palatial estate was returned to the possession of the Yundils only after the Royal Amnesty.
The estate in the style of classicism
The estate in Ivatsevichy belonged to magnates from the 16th century. There is no exact information about the time of its construction and about who was the author of this original palace both in artistic and architectural plans. Some sources indicate that there was a fruit garden near the estate and lime trees were growing around it and the manor house. In front of the main entrance the owners laid out a picturesque park where several promenades were. In due time this place considered one of the most beautiful places in Ivatsevichy. Such a park composition confirms that the Palace was built in the style of classicism which is characterized by the simplicity of the order system, the clarity and severity of spatial solutions, sharp lines and lack of extravagances. Softness of colors, modesty of the interior and exterior finishing of the building, its rhythmical section of the facades, the ratio of proportions – all these confirm the theory that the Palace was built in the late 18th — early 19th century. At that time the most important thing was to create a wonderful world where a man could feel calm and happy. That is why the organization of the space in the palatial estate of the Yundils created a special atmosphere bringing the nobles to nature on the one hand and to European culture on the other hand. The spirit of classicism was here in the park, in the manor house and in the life of the estate.
Today 771 monuments on the territory of Brest region, 740 of them are real estates, are included in the State list of historical and cultural values of the Republic of Belarus. The palatial estate of the Yundils in Ivatsevichy belongs to them.