The Tyshkeviches’ estate in Logoysk
Palaces, manors, castles
Not far from Minsk there is a small town of Logoysk, where once very famous palace of the Tyshkeviches has partially preserved. This historic building is considered to be the embodiment of the architectural style of late classicism. Unfortunately, almost the entire palace and the adjacent farm buildings were destroyed at the end of the Great Patriotic War. Now you can see here only the ruins of the side wing wall and some park fragments. To fully imagine what the palace looked like in its heyday, one should turn to historical data.
There was a market, several streets and a suburb in Logoysk in the XVIII century. Mostly people of working professions: blacksmiths, millers, bakers, locksmiths etc. lived here. The Basilian monastery, the church of St. Casimir, several wooden churches and a synagogue were located near the river Hayna. Representatives of the ancient noble family of Tyshkevich became owners of the local lands as early as at the beginning of the 16th century. By the way, Logoysk is one of few places in Belarus, where a music school existed in the 18th century.
At the beginning of the XVI century Logoysk began to change significantly due to the fact that Count Pius Felitsianovich Tyshkevich became a rightful owner of this place. In 1815, the Count erected a large stone two-story palace on the site of the old castle’s ruins near the river. Now we can only imagine, thanks to the drawings of Belarusian artist Napoleon Orda, what majestic and beautiful the palace was.
The building was erected on a high pedimental monument of a rectangular shape. The structure of the palace was somewhat unusual. The central part was two-storied, and two side ones were one-storied. Household buildings were located in the yard of the house: a kitchen, an ice warehouse, stables. The palace was surrounded by a picturesque park. You could see a bay window made of six columns in a semicircular shape and a rounded attic from the side of the park in the house. There was a terrace with small descents as well, where the Tyshkeviches liked so much to admire the landscapes.
The palace interior was chosen and thought out to the last detail. Rare things from rich collections of counts were exhibited in two huge halls. The interior was decorated in the Empire-style. Under the palace itself there were large basement rooms, which, by the way, can now be viewed under the building ruins. The hall-dining room was decorated with family portraits of the Tyshkeviches. Hetmans, bishops and archimandrites flaunted here proudly.
In the first half of the XIX century, a wooden St. Nicholas church was erected in Logoysk by the order of Pius Tyshkevich. The Tyshkeviches loved to spend time in the large and picturesque park. Now the local residents and the town visitors walk here. Today Logoysk is included into the route of many excursions, because there is really something worth seeing. An ancient town, a huge park area, a wooden church of the XIX century, the earthen walls remains and the ruins of the Tyshkeviches’ Palace can not but amaze even the most sophisticated tourists with their local colour and the spirit of the age.