The Industrial Complex in Begoml
Architecture, Industrial buildings
Begoml is a small urban village that in different historical times was a village, town and even district center. One of the main attractions of the urban village Begoml of the Dokshitsy district of the Vitebsk region is an industrial complex built by Ignatius Bulgak that is also considered to be a monument of industrial architecture.
Begoml was first mentioned in historical documents of 1582. It belonged to the then Catholic Bishop of Vilno, and later was in possession of Michael Keizgalovich. Over the history of its existence Begoml regularly changed owners and its status. Since the early XIX century the town was in possession of Ignatius Bulgak. In fact, he was the last owner.
By the decision of Ignatius Bulgak the industrial complex was constructed approximately in 1870-1874 for the development of the economy of the town and for establishment of commercial relationships with other towns. Historical documents state that the complex consisted of many production buildings, each of which had a specific function, but only an alcohol cellar, a gatehouse and a building of an alcohol sorting plant have survived up to now.
The alcohol sorting plant is a stone two-storey building. Since the time of the Bulgaks an openwork metal fence has survived on the huge balcony. According to the photos, in the time of Bulgak the fence was painted white. So it was agreed to leave it as is.
A gatehouse, or as it is called "the house of a gatekeeper" is a small rectangular one-story building. The structure itself is primitive, but for the convenience of the gatekeeper the architects of the Bulgaks decided to make a lunette in the center. It helped the guard to monitor the situation in the territory even being inside.
The alcohol cellar is a building of Г-like shape. It was made of light-grey stone with inserts made of small black stones. The structure is very beautiful because of this color combination.
Now each of these buildings retains a historical value, but it does have absolutely other functions.
The gatehouse has been converted into a residential building, the building of the alcohol cellar now hosts an open detention center, and in the building of alcohol sorting plant the Museum of National Glory was established. By the way, the museum opened in 1970 is of great interest among tourists, develops, and over its short history consists of several expositions and an exhibition hall. In the museum you can get acquainted with the history of Begoml since ancient times to the present.
The industrial complex in Begoml is a central object of the historical and industrial tour around the town. If you manage to visit this place, you can imagine how massive the production was, how it contributed to the development of the town, and what the way of the life was like in the time of the Bulgaks.