Settlement in Indura village
Settlement in Indura village
Indura is a place in Grodno region with a long and glorious history. It was firstly mentioned in the 16th century as a part of the territory belonging to Marshal Dovoynovich. During its long existence, a picturesque town was owned by many Belarusian families, starting with the Radziwill and the Volovich families, and ending with the Oginsky and the Mosalsky families. After one of the Partitions of the Commonwealth, Indura became a part of the Russian Empire, it was part of Poland until finally didn’t not join the Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic. Besides the beautiful ancient temples, there is another place of interest that especially attracts curious tourists. It is a settlement in Indura village, which includes a lot of interesting things.
On the western outskirts of the town, on a hill, surrounded with massive moats, there was a small settlement in the 11th century. The settlement consisted of two high-grade areas: internal and external. The internal area had a circle shape and was surrounded with a high shaft. External one was of oval shape and was surrounded with a shaft too, but it was much bigger than the previous one. Due to the fact that the settlement was located within a busy road, it grew and developed rather quickly.
Archaeologists found many things belonged to the population once lived there, starting with sickles and fishing rods, and ending with grain, animal bones and fishhooks. Among the most valuable finds is the pottery of the Slavs with a specific ornament, the jewelry of local ladies that was typical for that time, as well as military subjects, including tips and spurs. It is believed that the settlement in Indura village was Slavic. It seems that the feudal manor was located on the site. After a few centuries, a nobleman Dovoynovich founded a borough in that territory.
The outpost, which was located in the settlement of Indura village, securely protected the land from enemy attacks. The Crusaders were the greatest danger in those days. They wanted to seize the land as quickly as possible. The legend about the origin of the name of Indura village is connected with one of these crusades. The commandant of the castle had a beautiful daughter, with a wonderful name Inda, who lived in the castle with a big family. She was the first to see a mass attack of the Crusaders on the castle, after which Inda began, quite literally, ring the bells. But the Crusaders stormed the castle. And then all witnessed a miracle: the Mother of God appeared and covered a little church standing nearby with a snow-white veil. After that, the church disappeared under the ground together with brave Inda. The Crusaders were so frightened that they did not touch the settlement and its residents, and left the battlefield. According to that beautiful legend, that place was called Indura – in honor of a beautiful girl with the name Inda. There is a legend about the ghost of Inda ringing the bells every year on this day. It is said that if you guess the day, lean toward the hill and put your ear, you can hear the bell-ringing.
The settlement in Indura village is an archeological monument of Belarus, which will be of interest to those who are interested in the history of their homeland and love ancient legends.