Monushko’s house in Minsk
Monushko’s house, situated at the crossing of Engels and International street, where a famous Belarusian and polish composer lived in 1830-31.
The founder of Belarusian and polish national opera, the author of many musical works, the classic of vocal lyric music, Stanislav Monushko was born in 1819 at the farmstead Ubel in Igumen district of Minsk province.
The building that is known as Monushko’s house was built in 1797. First it had 2 floors. The Monushko family lived upstairs. The 3d floor appeared only in the beginning of the 20th century.
There was the information that it was owned by Klimkevich in the 20s of the 19th century. But in the 1830s, the father of the future composer, Cheslav Monushko moved there.
Living there Stanislav Monushko studied at the male state grammar school opened in 1803 and situated in the building at Sobornaya square (it was moved to Gubernatorskaya street later on).
Monushko was taught by Dominik Stefanovich in Minsk during 1830-1837 that’s why he practiced a lot his musical skills.
A researcher of Monusko’s creative work, Alexander Valitsky lived in the house in the middle of the 19th century. The first monograph about the famous Belarusian composer belongs to him. It’s worth saying that he was a friend of other famous cultural figures such as Vinsent Dunin-Martsinkevich and Yanka Luchina.
Here in the 1850s Valitsky opened music store that worked until 1863. After certain events Valitsky was departed to Tambov and his store was expropriated.
In the beginning of the 20th century, the house became the property of Frenkel that’s why the house is called Frenkel’s house. As for its architecture we can see solid buttresses in the north-western part of the house and cornice belt that divides upstairs and downstairs.
Today there are memorial boards in honor of the great cultural figure at the school where he studied and at the building where he lived.
In September 2016, a new sculptural composition appeared in the alley of Minsk Svoboda square. This monument is devoted to outstanding figures of Belarusian culture. It’s called “minsk inhabitants of the 19th century: Stanislav Monushko and Vinsent Dunin-Martsinkevich – the founders of Belarusian national opera”.Nowadays Monushko’s house is a sight-seeing object in Minsk.