A monument to Adam Mickiewicz in Brest

Adam Mickiewicz is a Belarusian-Polish poet of the 20thcentury. He was born in the city of Novogrudok, though there is a version that he was born in the hamlet of Zaosye of Baranovichi district in Belarus.

After leaving school Adam Mickiewicz entered Vilnius University, where he actively engaged in the work and organization of secret educational and patriotic societies. Exactly because of this he was arrested in 1823 and exiled to Lithuania. After it he went to live in Russia, where he met and was be on friendly terms with prominent people, who changed his political views. Mickiewicz was overtaken by death in the city of Constantinople.

He is such a unique person for literature that it is impossible to consider Adam Mickiewicz either only a Belarusian, or a Lithuanian, or a Pole.  Poland considers him to be a Pole because he was a founder of romanticism in Polish literature, and also he wrote his works in Polish; Belarusians think him to be a Belarusian because according to one of the versions he was born in Belarus; and Lithuania believes him to be a Lithuanian. The works of Adam Mickiewicz make a major contribution to the development of Belarusian literature. In Belarus it is accepted to call him the “Belarusian Polish-speaking poet”. Probably, there is nobody who would not have read his famous poem “Pan Tadeusz” at least once.

In 1921 one of the main streets of Brest city was named after him. In the war time its name was changed, but however in the post war period it was decided to return the street the name of Adam Mickiewicz.  

Today on this street there are numerous buildings, architectural monuments and modern constructions. This street enjoys wide popularity not only with inhabitants of the city, but also with tourists.

In a beautiful park, deep in a gorgeous chestnut alley, which is located on this street, in 1965 was erected a monument to the poet, publicist, prose writer, an outstanding figure in literature Adam Mickiewicz. The installation of the monument was timed to the 110thanniversary since the death day of Mickiewicz and is a symbolic tribute to the poet for his great work on the development of literature. The monument is a bust of the poet. The years of his life are carved on the pedestal.

Work on the creation of the monument was very long, complicated and laborious. But finally the architect A. Shmakov managed to expose in this monument the creative personality of Mickiewicz for contemporaries. It is erected in the very center of the park and attracts visitors’ attention to itself. The whole composition of the park is arranged in such a way as if trees surround it and protect against bad weather.

A lot of schoolchildren, students, local residents gather at the monument, literary men and art historians come here from different countries and, of course, here are always a lot of tourists. And it does not matter, whether he is a Belarusian, Lithuanian or Polish, every line of the poet’s famous works has left its mark in the literature of all countries, brought in it the spirit of modernity and patriotism, caused the reader to look at what is happening from the other side.