Glusk is a district center with 7233 inhabitants. The urban settlement is located on the river Ptich. It is located far from regional centers – Mogilev, Gomel, Minsk, nevertheless, it is connected with all parts of the country by roads and railway.
In the territory of Glusk there are traces of settlements of the 1st millennium BC and Iron Age and ruins of a medieval castle. Few places have such a rich history and a wide range of artifacts.
It was founded in 1360. Ivan Golshansky was the first owner, his son Yuri Dumbrovitsky built a castle in these lands. Noble families such as Golshansky, Khatkevich, Polubinsky contributed to the development of the town. The town was granted the right to hold fairs here. It led to the development of trade, transport system, craft.
The first castle fulfilled its primary function. The construction of the castle was planned in accordance with the recommendation of the XV century book about the military fortification. There were underground passages, moats with a drawbridge. After all, it was necessary to defend at those times: the attack of the Crimean Tatars, Cossacks, fights for the divisions of the Rzech Pospolita and so on. In 1662, a church was built at the Bernardine monastery.
Unfortunately, all the buildings were built of wood, because of wars or accidents, a fire destroyed many of them.
Sights and memorials that you can see today
Here is a list of preserved attractions:
- prehistoric settlement;
- settlement of Iron Age (times of Kievan Rus);
- ruins of a medieval castle;
- remains of the Bernardine Monastery;
- remains of earthworks of the XVI-XVII centuries.
Also, you should pay attention to memorials:
- memorial to the heroes of the Great Patriotic War;
- monuments to the victims of genocide among the Jewish population (more than 3 thousand Jews died in the ghetto, organized by the Nazi invaders in Glusk);
- memorial-monument to the Afghan soldiers;
- plaque to Dmitry Zhizhkevich, the hero of the revolution and civil war;
- plaque to Sergey Grahovski, the Belarusian poet.
The urban-type settlement Glusk remembers his ancestors; it grows and develops in accordance with their strict instructions - peacefully, righteously, progressively. Glusk is another must-see place in Belarus.