The geographical position of the village of Nadneman
The village of Nadneman refers to Uzda district, Minsk region. Nadneman, together with 21 the closest populated settlement is a part of the Neman village, located in 16 km fr om the district center.
Initially, the village of Nadneman had the name of Malyskovschina, as evidenced by the documents on the transfer of these lands to the representative of the noble family Onufry Narkevich-Iodko. The father bought an estate in the 20-ies of the XIX century, and after participation in the revolt of 1831 was forced to the end of life to remain within their lands. This contributed to the fact that Narkevich-Iodko was engaged in refining purchased territory. The renaming of the estate occurred in the 40-ies of the XIX century, by the son of Onufry Otton. To dissonant title Malyskovschina were found more beautiful alternative, Nadneman.
Among the population of Uzda district dominating are rural dwellers, whose number is more than 12 thousand people. However, in many villages the average population density is low and amounts to 19 people per square kilometer.
The Manor house in the village of Nadneman refers to the monuments of estate architecture of the first half of the nineteenth century and attracts tourists for its originality and rich historical past.
The manor house of the estate is a converted two-storey brewery. When Onufrii Narkevich-Iodko ruled, the production of beer was deployed in a partial power, so the decision was made to change the profile of the building. The construction work took 10 years and was completed by the son of Onufry Otton. The original building, which was erected on the basis of industrial plant, had unconventional appearance. Its style can be described as neo-Gothic with neo-Renaissance features. To give lightness to the building, thick walls of the former distillery on the decision of the architects was supplemented by two towers: one of them had a hexagonal shape, and the second tetrahedral. The height of the last was 27 meters and allowed to see the tower from a distance. The palace formed a straight line that ran along the river Neman. The facade had a terrace.
After Otton Narkevich-Iodko the estate passed to his son, Jacob, who became known to the European scientific society for his work in physics. Around the estate was broken experimental field, wh ere the scientist conducted a study in the influence of electricity on plant growth. His experiments in electricity physicist also conducted in the basement of the manor of the palace. The French newspaper, produced in the late nineteenth century, called Jacob Narkevich-Iodko "electric man".
The greatest achievement was made by Jacob Ottonovich in meteorology. They first organized by him on the territory of Belarus meteorological station included in the home observation of the Russian Empire.
On the biggest tower of the Palace the scientist placed a number of pipes, which emits various sounds when the wind blows. The building got the name "Aeolian harp".
Jacob Narkevich-Iodko was also successful in the study of biology, medicine and music. He founded the sanatorium "Over the Neman" in which the scientist has practiced the treatment of patients with koumiss.
After the death of Jacob, the estate passed to his son Conrad. After the departure of the owner of the estate in Krakow in 1921, the new government plandered the library of the palace and they destroyed the equipment for experiments. Of all the personal belongings of the former great family, there was only chair, which currently is an exhibit of the Museum of Uzda.
Before the great Patriotic war the palace served as a sanatorium for children during the war, the building was undermined by the guerrillas to the enemy troops not organized in it their headquarters.
Currently a close relative of Jacob Narkevich-Iodko lives in the USA. In the early 90's, he expressed a desire to carry out the restoration of the Palace with his own funds, but the start of construction was delayed due to bureaucratic delays. Thus, in 1995, was destroyed remains of the main tower, which served as a platform for Aeolian harp.